Jewelry Guide and Resources Directory
Welcome to our website about different types of jewelry. We have provided information about the formation and make of different kinds of jewelry stones and have provided images to help you get a visual of what these beautiful gems and stones look like. Read on to view frequently asked questions and answers about these extraordinary jewels.
How are Diamonds Formed?
The word diamond comes from the greek word “adamas” which means indestructible. A diamond is the only gem that is made of a single element, which is Carbon. Diamond is completely made of Carbon atoms that crystallises in a cubic or isometric arrangement.
Diamond's come from 75-120 miles below the surface of the earth and the first discovery of diamond was 2.5 billion years ago Diamonds are found in South Africa, Australia, Russia, Kenya, Ghana, Angola, Tanzania, Brazil and India. The small black spots visible in Diamonds are crystals of Graphite or other forms of 'Carbon'.
A diamond is a transparent piece of diamond that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem. There are special things that you need to consider when you are going to buy a diamond. You need to know how to grade your diamond, grade the color of your diamond, grade your diamond's clarity, and grade your diamond's carat. Diamond's are graded by color, the grades are D-F, colorless, G-J, near colorless, K-M faint yellow, N-R very light yellow, and S-Z, light yellow. Sometimes in the K-R range in the diamond grading system you might get a very light brown tint that is called “champagne” or if you see a darker brown tint, that is called “cognac”.
Diamonds are not always your clear color, they also come in the colors red, blue, green, and bright yellow which is also known as “canary.” These different colors of diamonds are graded as Z+. Just because a diamond is color that does not mean that it is not fancy. In fact these colored diamond's are called fancy diamonds. Naturally it is very common for diamond's to have imperfections. Imperfections are known as inclusions and they can form in many different ways. For example a diamond might have tiny white points, dark dots which are carbon, or feathery cracks.
One thing you need to keep in mind is that the fewer inclusions on a diamond the more it is worth. Besides the color grading of a diamond you also need to consider the diamond clarity grading which are, FL means flawless, imperfection can not be seen even with a 10X diamond loupe. VVS1 or VVS2 means very, very slight imperfection, which a qualified observer to see under 10X magnification. VS means very slight imperfection, this imperfection is very difficult to see by a qualified observer. SI or SI2 means slight imperfection, this could be fairly easily be seen by a qualified observer with a 10X loupe, and sometimes a qualified observer could see this imperfection without a magnification. I1, I2 or I3 means imperfection that can be seen with the naked eye, and I3 is the lowest grade that is a commercial or industrial grade.
Another thing that will affect a diamond and its value is the cut of your diamond. If a diamond is not cut right then you can be sure that it will bring the value of your diamond down. When a diamond is cut properly it is suppose to reflects the light back up through the center of the stone to give its sparkle. A poorly cut diamond will look flat like a piece of glass. You can determine what type of cut you would like on your diamond. It is best to place your diamond either on a white gold or platinum so that way the color of the diamond is reflected better without any other color.
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You should check them out as they may be helpful resources:
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How are gold and silver formed?
What is an emerald?
What is a sapphire?
What is a ruby?